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Tóm tắt cuộc thi
Knowledge of our genome can help us to learn about and fight genetic diseases. By studying the genetic makeup of bacteria and viruses, we can get closer to developing vaccinations against them. Furthermore, we can learn how we are evolutionarily related to other organisms by seeing how our DNA compares to theirs. Here are some facts about DNA:
- DNA is composed of sequences of bases (A’s, C’s, G’s, and T’s).
- The bases make up codons (words), each of which codes for a particular amino acid.
- A gene is sequence of codons (amino acids), which contains the instructions for how proteins should form.
- The human genome is the set of all the genes that make up the human species; it’s composed of billions of bases.
In order to determine the genetic code that makes up the human species, as well as that of other species, the first task is the genome sequencing which is also known as the DNA fragment assembly problem.
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