This essay will examine the public transport system in Manchester and will provide suggestions for improvement if needed. It will discuss the different bus and train companies or the light rail known as tram. The different characteristics of each transportation and how the system runs. The bus, train and metrolink has been compared and contrasted about their accessibility and mobility. Also, to discuss the advantages of the public transport and the barriers that concern the public and the environment.
Manchester has a long history dating back to at least the Roman times, when the area was used as a fort by the Roman General Agricola. The fort was used by the Roman military and the surrounding area was settled by the people of Rome. However, the area was abandoned in the fifth or sixth century as migration and settlement patterns of the ares changed (Local Government 1994).
The area was not rebuilt again until the fourteenth century when it began to be resettled and to establish itself as an area of trade. Wool and linen were primary industries in the areas at that time. In the fifteenth century, it became the site of a famous church used to train upcoming priests and more people began to head to the area. The area grew rapidly during the Industrial Revolution, when textiles and other industry created jobs in the area. In fact, Manchester is often considered to be the location of the first industrial society. Duke's Canal was created during this time to improve transportation of goods in the area. Similarly, the railway moved in to the area during this time to being home to Industrial Revolution (Local Government 1994).
Most rail passengers arriving at Manchester will discover that Piccadilly Station as their first taste of the City of Manchester. It's original iron sheds with their decorative cast iron columns was built in the 1880's, as part of the former London Road Station, as the road from which you enter the Station Approach is the old London Road. It was the terminus of the Manchester and Birmingham railway line, and the old station was named London Road Station, and only changed its name to Piccadilly in relatively recent years ([url removed, login to view]).
According to the Office for National Statistics (2001) the total population of Manchester is 392,819 and the most people uses the public transport whenever they go to work, shopping or leisure. And that is why Manchester is very well served by its transport systems. It is probably surrounded by more road systems than any other City in Britain and lies at the heart of a national transport infrastructure of rail and motorway networks. There are numerous ways of getting around, or in and out of the City and the surrounding boroughs (Local Government 1994).
The Metropolitan Boroughs of Greater Manchester has a characteristics that is not unique to North West England, of course. Manchester is, first and foremost, a city, with a clear boundary marking where it ends. The title of 'Greater Manchester' is a largely convenient entity for practical administrative purposes, though all the 10 metropolitan borough towns of which it is comprised have a real confederation and act as one body in many respects, though it still remains in many ways chiefly a postal, geographical and political distinction. The Metropolitan Boroughs of Greater Manchester are Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan ([url removed, login to view]).