Select a transnational crime or an international crime and write a research paper (2,000 - 2,500 words)
providing a detailed analysis. Your paper should allow you to describe how the crime manifests itself,
how it has developed over time, and what factors and processes are shaping it. If you have a solid basis
for such an assessment, you may also discuss the social consequences of this crime. Finally, you may
outline strategies to prevent, or respond to this crime.
If appropriate, you can narrow down the scope of your paper to a specific geographical area, for example
a country or region, and/or to a specific time period.
Examples of transnational crime include drug trafficking, trafficking in human beings (including for
purposes of prostitution or slave labor), illegal migration, money laundering (note also the alleged connection
between hawala and the funding of terrorism), organized extortion (including the collection of
so-called “revolutionary taxes”), trafficking in nuclear materials, trafficking in protected flora and fauna,
trafficking in human body parts and tissues (note also the alleged connection with “medical tourism”),
trafficking in stolen cultural artifacts, trafficking in stolen motor vehicles, trafficking in firearms,
smuggling of cigarettes, alcohol, gasoline, or other highly taxed commodities, international fraud (such
as credit card fraud), counterfeiting, trademark piracy, various types of cybercrime and high-tech crime
(such as child pornography, denial of service, and identity theft), environmental crime, modern-day
maritime piracy, and terrorism. (Note: The focus of the term paper should be on a crime situation that is
not confined to a specific national context. But you can focus on the situation in a particular country,
for example a specific country’s role as a source or transit country for trafficking.)
Examples of international crime include genocide (such as murder, assault, sterilization or forcible
transfer of children, all with an intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious
group), war crimes (such as the use of illegal means and methods of warfare, the mistreatment of
civilians, mass rape, mistreatment of wounded or ill combatants, and mistreatment of POWs) and
crimes against humanity (such as mass murder, enslavement and mass deportation).
The paper may include the following (other formats are also possible):
1. A general description of the nature and extent of the crime. You need to refer to library sources (i.e.
academic books and book chapters and articles from academic journals), and not just to the Internet.
Note: Wikipedia is NOT an appropriate source.
2. A description of one or two well documented cases. Try to locate cases of the crime you have chosen
to study, and that have been dealt with in the media in sufficient detail. You will need to search the
LEXIS-NEXIS database of major world publications (accessible through the John Jay Library website:
pull-down menu “Shortcuts to Popular Databases” -> Lexis-Nexis -> enter search terms under “Search
the News” or click “Power Search”) and Internet sources. Provide a detailed description of the case(s)
and compare your findings with the picture provided in the academic literature.
3. Conclude with a summary and, where appropriate, suggestions for solutions to the problem.
You may want to outline the paper as follows:
Description of relevant case(s)
Conclusion (summary, solution or recommendations).
Bibliography (APA style)
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