Research area/Research domain: Supply Chain, Food Aid /Distribution
Literature review topic: The economic value of food Aid or distribution (Supply Chain) operations to local economies
Abstract: Most NGOs and UN agencies such as WFP periodically commission studies to assess the effectiveness of Programme interventions such as Cash-Based Transfers and School Feeding Programmes. But there has been a little comprehensive analysis of the impact of an end to end food provision interventions undertaken to identify areas of success, potential expansion, and improvement. In 2019 alone, over $1,7 billion worth of food was purchased as food aid, attracting ancillary costs related to movement and distribution which amplifies this figure further
The available literature and research on food as an aid mechanism is limited in scope and not reflective of shifting circumstances applicable to global migration, emergencies, conflict and displacement and the factors driving these changes. This is largely due to the focus on historical models of food aid provided directly to governments, rather than unique models such as UN Agencies where the beneficiary is a recipient in a targeted intervention, and distribution is wholly managed, end to end, by the implementing agency. The negative connotations associated with food aid centre around beneficiary dependency on aid, but do not consider the positive impact of the provision of such aid, from sourcing to distribution, in local economies.